Archive for the ‘Race and Justice’ Category

Differential Benefits? Crime and Community Investments in Racially Distinct Neighborhoods

June 6, 2011 Comments off

Differential Benefits? Crime and Community Investments in Racially Distinct Neighborhoods (PDF)
Source: Race and Justice (via the Sentencing Project)

This article investigates whether and how residential loans that accrue to neighborhoods in US urban areas vary in their influence on violent and property crime across distinct race–ethnic communities, and depend on neighborhood levels of socioeconomic disadvantage. Building on recent literature on residential loans and crime, and drawing on racial structure and social disorganization perspectives, we posit that non-White and more disadvantaged neighborhoods gain more ‘‘bang’’ (i.e., crime reduction) for the investment dollars that they accrue than White and less disadvantaged areas. Using data from the National Neighborhood Crime Study for over 8,000 neighborhoods across 87 US cities, our multilevel analyses of violent and property crime for four types of neighborhoods revealed support for these hypotheses. While all types of neighborhoods benefit from a larger influx of residential loans, the payoff for African American and Latino areas is considerably greater than for White communities, and this is especially true for reductions in violent crime. In addition, the more disadvantaged the commu- nity, the larger the negative association between lending and both violent and property crime.

Hat tip: Resource Connection


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